Early life and education
Zardari was born in Karachi on 21 September 1988 to former Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto and her husband, former President of Pakistan, Asif Ali Zardari. He is the maternal grandson of former President and Prime Minister of Pakistan, Zulfikar Ali Bhutto and his wife Nusrat Bhutto. His paternal grandfather, Hakim Ali Zardari, was a politician and a member of the National Assembly of Pakistan. From his mother’s side, he is the nephew of politicians Murtaza Bhutto and Shahnawaz Bhutto, and from his father’s side, his aunts are politicians Azra Peechoho and Faryal Talpur. Politician Ghinwa Bhutto is his aunt by marriage, and poet Fatima Bhutto, is his cousin. He is of Sindhi, and of partial Iraqi descent on his maternal side and Baloch descent on his paternal side.
Zardari spent his early life in Pakistan. He left Pakistan with his mother and sisters in 1997 after they were exiled from the country, and lived in London and Dubai, until his return in 2007.He received his BA in modern history and politics from Christ Church, Oxford in 2012.
On 30 December 2007, at 19 years of age, Zardari was appointed chairman of the PPP.
Zardari led the party in the 2018 elections where he lost two of the three seats that he contested and one of these was historically an extremely safe seat for the PPP, where Zardari finished third, in a result described as rejection of his father.However, almost all parties, excluding Pakistan Tehreek-e-Insaf, alleged large-scale vote rigging and administrative malpractices in the elections. PPP won a total of 43 seats, an increase of 9 seats from 2013 elections and it remained the largest party in Sindh.
On 5 March 2019, Bilawal was unanimously elected as the chairperson of the National Assembly Standing Committee for Human Rights.