Mardan is situated in a district wealthy in archeological destinations. In 1962, the Sangha Caves were found outside of Mardan, which yielded curios from the Middle Paleolithic time frame, more than 30,000 years back. Different destinations in the prompt region have yielded proof of human movement from the Upper Paleolithic time frame. Further unearthings from the territory around Jamal Garhi close Mardan recouped relics from the Mesolithic time frame.
The region around Mardan then framed a piece of the country of the Gandhara grave culture around 1800 BCE. The Gandharan grave culture seems to have been a Central Asian gathering that may speak to the part of the Indo-Aryan intrusion into the subcontinent. Mardan then shaped the piece of the antiquated Buddhist kingdom of Gandhara. Shake orders of Ashoka in adjacent Shahbaz Garhi date from the Mauryan time frame in the mid-200s BCE, and are written in the old Kharosthi script.
The Seated Buddha, dating from 300 to 500 CE, was found close to Mardan and is currently in plain view at the Asian Art Museum in San Francisco.
The adjacent UNESCO World Heritage Site of Takht-I-Bahi was built up as a cloister around 46 CE. The Bakhshali Manuscript, which contains the most punctual record of the utilization of the number 0 in the Indian Subcontinent, was found close to Mardan in 1891 and dates from the third or fourth century CE. The close-by Kashmir Smast caverns served Buddhist loner priests and dates from the fourth to ninth century CE.
During the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857, Mardan was not a scene of overwhelming battling the same number of the local troops who had been incapacitated by British forces. Mardan’s renowned Guides’ Memorial was set up in 1892 to respect fallen officers who battled during the 1879 Siege of the British Residency in Kabul. The city’s Women’s Hospital was set up in 1906.In 1920, Mardan was visited by Sir Charles Monro, head of the British military in British India. Until 1937, the Mardan area was a piece of the Peshawar region, when it was raised to the status of its own autonomous district. During the Viceroy’s visit in 1946, enormous quantities of Mardan occupants ventured out to Peshawar to partake in a Muslim League rally for Pakistan’s establishment. The Mardan Museum was built up in 1991 to exhibit the locale’s rich old history.
Gulbahar Village Mardan
The number of inhabitants in Mardan city and cantonment, as indicated by the 2017 enumeration, is 358,604. Mardan is the true central command of the Yousafzai clan of Pashtuns. A critical number of Mohmand clan individuals have settled in the city throughout the years. The number of inhabitants in the city throughout the years appears in the table below.
Enumeration Year Population Municipal Committee Mardan Cantt
1951 48,827 46,322 2,505
1961 77,932 73,246 4,686
1972 115,194 111,366 3,828
1981 147,977 141,842 6,135
1998 245,926 238,629 7,297
2017 358,604 351,733 6,871
As per 1998 enumeration, the absolute number of family units in Mardan were 29,116. The all out populace was 245,926 of which 52.56% (129,247) were male while 47.44% (116,679) were female. The normal family size was 8.45 while the normal yearly development rate between 1981-1998 was 3.03.
There was no open or private division college in Mardan till 2009. The main open area college, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan was set up in 2009. In 2016, an open division ladies college Women University Mardan began working while in 2017, the University of Engineering and Technology, Peshawar Mardan grounds was moved up to full-fledged college and named the University of Engineering and Technology Madan.
Bacha Khan Medical College, Mardan, which was built up in 2010, is the city just restorative college. There is additionally a grounds of the University of Agriculture, Peshawar, which is named as Agriculture college Ameer Mohammad Khan Campus Mardan.
There are likewise two Postgraduate universities in Mardan, one each for young men and young ladies. Government Post Graduate College Mardan, which was built up in 1952while Government Post Graduate College for ladies Mardan was set up in 1963.
There are various open and tuition-based schools and universities for Boys and Girls in Mardan. Among them, the most prestigious and popular is Fazal e Haq Mardan.
Mardan is situated in the southwest of the locale at 34°12’0N 72°1’60E and a height of 283 meters (928 ft). Mardan is an area headquarter of Mardan District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Risalpur is situated toward the south, Charsadda is situated toward the west, Yar Hussain toward the east, and Takht Bahi and Katlang toward the north. It is the second biggest city in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa while the nineteenth biggest city in Pakistan.
Mardan is a piece of a becoming modern center and is home to material and eatable oil plants, just as one of the biggest sugar processes in South Asia. A monetary zone is arranged as a piece of the multi-billion dollar China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) close Rashakai. In spite of the fact that Rashakai is a piece of Nowshera District, its nearness to Mardan is required to straightforwardly profit the city
In 2006, Mardan area government with the assistance of the Government of Pakistan made a game complex in Mardan city. The complex, Mardan Sports Complex, has offices for every single real game, for example, cricket, football, field hockey, swimming, and ball. The pool office was worked in 2011while a universal standard hockey turf was developed at the game’s complex at the expense of Rs.67.69 million in 2016. Pakistan’s worldwide football player Mansoor Khan is from Mardan.